Hatanaka：It's great to see you all again. Let's start off at the beginning. Please explain how Lifepatch was formed.
Timbil：We started as friends, actually. Especially Andreas and me, we've been longtime friends; he knows my family, my brothers. Most of our Lifepatch members began as longtime friends. Yogyakarta is a small city; we can easily hang out together. Then we started doing things together...it all began like that.
Andreas：Officially-speaking, we formed Lifepatch on March 26th, 2012. There was a geek festival in Bandung, West Java. It was called GeekFest 2012. It sought to show young people that Indonesia has a huge potential in the creative industries, to promote original creative work related to technology by Indonesian youth, and to introduce the people behind the scenes of important goods and services. Timbil was going there to do a workshop about creative uses of fermentation; I was going to do a programming workshop. We were all going to make our little installations and conduct workshops, so we decided to get together and go under the same name. That was our first project as Lifepatch. Since July of 2012, Lifepatch has been based in a house in the Bugisan Yogyakarta area. Besides being a working studio, it is also our house, and functions as an important venue for workshops, film screenings, and presentations. In 2013, we needed to make ourselves into a formal, legal organization because that would make things easier; it would enable more opportunities for us to connect with other institutions.
Currently there are 11 Lifepatch members hailing from a diverse set of backgrounds and parts of society such as scientists, programmers, designers, artists, production managers, and curators.
We'd been working together for a year on various activities when we decided to register as an LPPM (Lembaga Penelitian dan Pengabdian Masyarakat [Institute for Research and Development for Community Service]). Basically, we were already doing what an LPPM does. Previously, our collective's name had only referred to art, and the scientists and engineers among us were uncomfortable with that. We needed to make a format that was common for all of us. And, for that, I liked this idea of a "citizens' initiative" so I proposed it to the guys, and here we are: Lifepatch—citizen initiative in art, science and technology.
Initially, we decided on the name Lifepatch by simply searching the Internet. We looked at our common interests; a lot of us, the members, are interested in life sciences and some of us like electronics. So we searched online for a domain name based on various keywords from each of our fields and "Lifepatch" just showed up and was available. We liked it because it sounds a bit medicinal, like some high-end alternative medical treatment [laughs].
Hatanaka：What kind of practices did you each have before you became a collective?
Andreas：One of our common interests was workshops. We love doing them. Each of us was doing workshops to develop creative and innovative technology; Timbil was doing workshops using biological technology, I was using digital technology and electronics in mine, and another one of us was using environmental technology for his workshop.
Hatanaka：Ok, so workshops enable you to pursue your curiosities, but they also help to identify the problems in society. Your practices and projects, as I understand it, explore concrete solutions for these problems through the use of technology. More importantly, by open-sourcing your practices and solutions, you are trying to make them accessible and usable to people with similar problems and that fact, I think, is what expands your practice as a whole outside the realms of art or community: I get the sense that you actually work with society on a larger scale.
Andreas: True. The thing is, we don't want to limit what we are to one particular genre. People try to call us a hackerspace or a makerspace, *1 and of course we don't mind that. But, although I don't know what exactly we are, I know we're not that. We did check out different hackerspaces, but they're totally different. Makerspaces are different. Art collectives are also different.
Timbil: We ourselves don't know [laughs]. Several researchers have come to Jakarta to try to determine what this "thing" is. But we don't know what the "right" term is for us either. So, for now, it's open. One of the researchers said that there are art spaces and alternative spaces everywhere, but he called us an "also" space. I liked it. It's best to keep our fields, members, participants open: to be something that is not exclusive but also something that doesn't already exist.
Andreas: Another reason we don't define ourselves as a hackerspace is that all of the references that point to hackerspaces basically refer to something that started in computer clubs in the United States in the 1970s. And these notions miss the essential context of Indonesian collectivity that is within our roots. You can go back thousands of years in history to see this. To miss this essential, collectivist nature of our culture is to get lost in the biased questions of hardware or application of hackerspaces, makerspaces, or art collectives. It's better that we just start with another reference now and not make that mistake.
This is very Indonesian. I can give you the example from history: our village security system in Indonesia. Every night, every house takes turns for night watch. And, in front of each house, we have a small container, which used to be wooden, that we cut out from the mineral water bottles to hold small change so that whoever is on watch can buy a coffee to stay awake, basically, and watch the neighborhood. I have to do this when I get back. Everyone does. Once a month.
Lifepatch emphasizes this spirit of DIY (Do-It-Yourself) and DIWO (Do-It-With-Others) by inviting members, and anyone interested, to join us in examining, exploring, developing, and maximizing the functions of technology, both theoretically and practically, and to put them to good use for society and culture. For art, science, and society, in spirit and in our activities, Lifepatch tries to stimulate individual creative processes and interactions between individuals in interdisciplinary community work.
*1 Hackerspaces and makerspaces are creative, DIY spaces where people can gather to create, invent, and learn. In hackerspaces the emphasis tends to be more on information technology, especially open-sourced hardware and software development, electronic part engineering, and functioning for people who know something about these specializations. In makerspaces the emphasis is more on providing a wide array of tools and technologies to the general public, including but not limited to information technology, woodworking, plastics, and knowledge about the dissemination of such knowledge through publications and workshops.
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